The engine oil in the car engine is designed to lubricate internal moving parts.
Keeping the oil level in accordance with the operating requirements is very important for the correct operation of the vehicle.
If the oil level is low, the engine will not be sufficiently lubricated, and it will quickly heat up during operation.
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Too much oil also has a negative effect, as its excess will be whipped into foam by the rotating shafts and flow to other parts of the engine, which can lead to lower oil pressure.
Both options lead to large and expensive car repair. There are several good ways to double-check whether the amount of oil poured into the engine meets the operating rules.
Checking the oil level using a dipstick
Warm up the engine with a short ride.
For correct oil level measurement, it is important that the engine is warm.
It is not necessary to carry out the measurement immediately after stopping the engine.
You need to wait a short period of time until it flows into the crankcase.
If the oil was poured into a cold engine when the level was replenished, it will heat up when it is warmed up, which may cause the level to be exceeded.
When the car is warmed up, you must use a measuring probe for measuring, as described in the instructions.
The dipstick is a metal rod that is constantly in the oil sump, and when measuring it is removed.
There are two marks on it, one of them indicates the minimum allowed oil level, and the second — the maximum. It is important to maintain the oil level between these two labels.
White smoke from the exhaust pipe
If you notice white smoke when starting the engine in cold weather, don’t worry.
The exhaust always contains water vapour, since the air entering the engine always contains water.
Leaving the muffler, the steam immediately cools, thereby giving the white colour to the exhaust gases.
If thick white smoke comes out of the exhaust pipe, this may also indicate that the engine has too much oil.
To reduce the possible damage from permanent damage to the engine block, you will need to immediately service the car by a professional mechanic.
Usually, white smoke indicates that something is burning in the engine, although it may not be oil.
When the engine oil level is exceeded, the oil begins to churn into foam, which, when falling on the hot parts, begins to burn with the formation of white smoke.
This smoke can also be formed from the burning of antifreeze, so it is better to show the car to the mechanic since any of these reasons can be destructive in a further operation.
When refilling some of the oil may spill and form spots on the floor under the bottom of the car.
Due to the fact that the oil is most often spilled when topping up, spots that appear in the places where refilling occurred should not cause concern.
However, if the spots reappear after being removed, it may be due to a leak.
It is necessary to check the oil plug under the bottom to make sure that the leak does not occur from there.
If the plug is missing, then it is not an oil overflow, but a complete absence of it from the engine.
In this case, the oil leaked out of the engine too quickly, and this can cause major problems.
How to drain excess oil:
Oil pumping can be implemented in different ways. Naturally, excess oil can be drained through the drain plug in the usual way at any service station, but this is not always the case.
For example, some difficulties may occur if the car has additional engine protection. It is also worth noting that if you do not have your own garage, then you would still have to pay even for something that small.
Another disadvantage is that it is extremely difficult to drain a little amount of oil through the plug since the oil is actively leaking out.
If the container where the lubricant is drained is not the cleanest, then you will need a spare canister.
it is not necessary to re-fill the drained oil from the dirty container back into the motor since there is a risk of all kinds of particles, grains of sand, garbage, various foreign impurities, etc. getting into the internal combustion engine.
First of all, to remove excess oil from the engine, you will need to go to the nearest pharmacy. There you need to buy an IV tube and a syringe. As for the syringe, choose the largest one that is available.
1. Having picked up a syringe and an IV tube, you need to cut off the excess material, leaving only a long rubber tube. Then you need to put the tube on the syringe.
2. Then you can open the hood of the car, after which you should completely remove the oil dipstick from the engine. Next, the tube is inserted into the neck for the probe and gently lowered down. Now it only remains to pull the plunger of the syringe to fill it with oil.
3. After that, the oil from the syringe is drained into a pre-prepared container (any bottle, jar, etc. will do). Then the procedure must be repeated as many times as necessary to pump out the desired amount of oil.